What is Basal Ganglia?
- Located above the thalamus and under the cerebral cortex, these large clusters of neurons work with the cerebellum and the cerebral cortex to control and coordinate voluntary movements (Santrock, 2003)
Frequently Asked Questions
- Which movement does it help regulate - voluntary or involuntary ones? Which other parts of the brain does it work with?
- Can a damaged basal ganglia contribute to the development of bipolar disorder in at-risk people? Vice versa, do people diagnosed with bipolar disorder tend to show a damaged basal ganglia upon close examination? If so, can "curing" a damaged basal ganglia help in treating the disorder?
- What is its main and supplemental functions?
- Where is this located in the brain? Does its location tells us something about its main function?
- What is its role in the development of schizophrenia? If a problematic basal ganglia can contribute to schizophrenia, and since schizophrenia is mainly inherited, then does it follow that a damaged one can also be genetically passed on to offsprings? With the promise of genetic engineering, can we then help reduce the incidence of schizophrenia by actually mapping off the corresponding gene?