Anxiolytics for Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia
Anxiolytics, also known as anti-anxiety drugs and minor tranquilizers, which are usually under the benzodiazepine category, are frequently used to treat panic disorder and agoraphobia. Examples of these drugs include alprazolam (Xanax) or clonazepam. The primary reason why these drugs are being used to treat these anxiety disorders is because they act very fast - within thirty minutes to one hour - and are therefore very useful when relieving the acute symptoms of panic attacks in panic disorder and agoraphobia. The problem with anxiolytics, however, is that they have sedating side effects and are quite addictive. Also, withdrawal effects are discomforting (e.g., nervousness, which can precipitate further panic attacks, sleep disturbance, and dizziness) and slow. Addiction with anxiolytics also has high relapse rate.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What are anxiolytics for?
- Are they effective in treating panic disorder and agoraphobia?
- Can they also be used for physical illnesses?
- How about for social phobia?