Antisocial Personality Disorder
What is Antisocial Personality Disorder?
- A disorder characterized by continual violation of and disregard for the rights of others through deceitful, aggressive or antisocial behavior, typically without remorse or loyalty to anyone (Butcher, Mineka & Hooley, 2004)
Conduct Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder
The link between conduct disorder and antisocial personality disorder is upon the onset of conduct disorder, that is, if conduct disorder develops early in childhood, the child is likely to develop antisocial personality disorder in adulthood. This means that the problems associated with conduct disorder becomes pervasive and life-long upon entering adulthood. Around 25 to 40 % of children who have early-onset conduct disorder qualifies for a diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder in adulthood. Although a significant majority do not, it is important to understand that early-onset conduct disorder that do not progress to APD, especially among boys, is still a difficult condition, often leading to social problems including the formation of friendships and intimate relationships and participating in social vocational activities.
One possible reason why APD does not commonly result among adolescents who suddenly develop conduct disorder is because those children who have early-onset conduct disorder typically share characteristics that serve as risk factors for behavioral problems. Unlike those who had adolescent-onset conduct disorder, children with early-onset conduct disorder have verbal and neuropsychological problems, impulsive tendency, and attention difficulty.
Environmental factors, such as parental rejection, low socioeconomic status, depression, and bad neighborhoods can also indirectly promote the development of APD among those with conduct disorder. For example, consider this spiral of events. Low socioeconomic status can bring intense stress and precipitate depression among parents. Depressed parents tend to function less productively and guide their children less ably. Lack of guidance is a risk factor for the development of conduct disorder. If the child goes on to develop conduct disorder, the parent may, instead of focusing on remolding the child's disposition, may react aggressively and resort to rejection. When the conduct disordered child feels rejected, he or she may seek the attention of other children or adults who tolerates his or her behavior. If the conduct disordered child lives in a bad neighborhood, he or she has direct and easy access for such deviant groups. If the child comes in contact with an adult that has APD, the adult becomes an efficient "role model" for the child.
Why I Would Not Join an Antisocial Personality Disorder Forum
I use the internet for many reasons, and one of those reasons is to gather some life tips from people who freely share their advices in blogs and forums. When I was younger, I used to interpret people's somewhat erratic comments and responses as, well, products of disappointment and a bleak view of the future. I used to think that such extremely negative and callous advices were momentary expression of "just another bad day." I never thought that there was this condition called antisocial personality disorder until I reached college. It was only then that I realized how stable a personality can be, and how a personality disorder manifests itself rather deviantly. It all came out quite real.
I participate in forums not because I have avoidant personality disorder, as some of you, the readers, may probably think. According to the most recent edition of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR), avoidant personality disorder is a type of personality disorder characterized with persistent social inhibition and low self-esteem. Although this diagnosis does not apply to me, I wonder if people with antisocial personality disorder have avoidant personalities as well. After all, both of them are generally introverted, which brings me to the first reason why I would not consider joining an antisocial personality disorder forum - introversion. I am characteristically introverted, one reason why I like writing for the internet, and I am quite drawn to similar people who have interesting personal accounts and interpretations of just about everything. I am an introvert, and I also learn a lot from other introverts, and possibly even a sense of companionship and "friendship." However, an introvert's perception is largely limited to his or her immediate surrounding; and because I use forums mainly to collect some life tips, consequently, I would benefit more by reading extrovert's advices. Thus, the first reason why I would not join an antisocial personality disorder forum is all about practicality. "I already know that. No, thank you."
The second reason why I would not join an antisocial personality disorder forum is that people in there do not respect other people's rights, specifically their (our) right to privacy. Who knows how they can gather some personal information about me? I mean, I am not quite techie, and sometimes easily fooled, so I usually leave trails that antisocials can easily pick. Consider this: talking to yourself. Antisocials can easily pose as you. I may be able to meet a clone in the future because of them. "Hi! I'm ___." "Me too." "Oops."
The third reason why I would not join an antisocial personality forum is that the advices given in there reflects their lack of concern of legal and ethical rules of conduct. Thus, I might end up in jail instead of getting my goals done if I follow their advices. The police may come barging into my apartment even before I convince myself that "it's okay, I won't get caught."
The fourth and last reason why I would not join an antisocial personality disorder forum is that antisocials do not generally work and talk with each other. I mean, could there really be such a forum? Antisocials, may, in some instances, brag about their "successes", but they probably would do so in an uncanny and unexpected way. For example, Ted Bundy confessed when and why? He confessed when and because the police can't nail him. For him, it was just another show. Now would antisocials talk and plot about a serious crime through forums? Maybe they would talk with each other, but most likely not in forums. Furthermore, an antisocial would not spend time dabbling in such forums; instead, they would spend their time following and stalking otherwise normal people and then fooling around. This means that they hop from one normal forum to another, prying for their next victim. How else would such a forum be without the antisocials? Probably filled with normal people who are curious about antisocial personality disorder. Even if I would like to know more about them, such a forum would be just a complete waste of time.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Do people with antisocial personality disorder at risk of also having alcohol abuse disorders?
- What antisocial behaviors characterize people with this personality disorder?
- Do people with ASPD feel any remorse when they violate other people's rights?
- What is its relationship with conduct disorders?
- What usual criminal acts are committed by people with ASPD?
- Does this personality disorder comorbid with substance-use disorders?
- How about borderline personality disorder?
- What are its similarities and differences with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder?
- What does the biological perspective say about it?
- What are the causal factors?
- What are the outstanding characteristics?
- What is the clinical picture?
- Does its likelihood increase in people with conduct disorders?
- If so, how does having conduct disorder increase the chances of developing ASPD?
- What are the criteria for diagnosing antisocial personality disorder?
- Which features are diagnostic of it?
- What criteria are outlined by the DSM-IV-TR?
- What is its etiology?
- What factors are taken into account?
- How do psychologists generally describe this personality disorder?
- Is it possible for people with histrionic personality disorder to develop ASPD?
- Do antisocial behaviors increase in severity and frequency in people already diagnosed with ASPD?
- Is there any distinction or lacking between the diagnostic criteria of DSM and the obvious personality characteristics of people with ASPD?
- How common is antisocial personality disorder?
- Can it be prevented?
- What is the difference between the primary and secondary psychopath?
- What does the psychological perspective say about antisocial personality disorder?
- What is the nature of psychopathy in people with ASPD?
- What kind of temperament do people with ASPD possess?
- What theories describe its nature, and what are the corresponding treatments advocated by these theories?
- What are the available treatments for antisocial personality disorder?
- What are the outcomes of these treatments?