What is Addiction?
- A pattern of behavior characterized by an overwhelming need to use a drug and to secure its supply (Santrock, 2003)
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is addiction? How can we identify whether a behavior is already a type of addiction or not? Is there such a thing as a healthy, or socially acceptable, addiction?
- Is there a pattern in addiction? Does addiction only involve the use of drugs, or does it also involve the desire to possess a sufficient supply?
- What are its effects on the brain? How does it affect the brain? What are the mechanisms behind it? Does it always have to be physical - like drugs, or smoking - to have an effect on the brain? If no, then how does other forms of non-physical addiction, like pornography, affects the brain?
- Is there a genetic vulnerability to craving? If so, can craving result to addiction? How?
- How does the DSM-IV-TR diagnose addiction? What are the criteria? How did the criteria develop from the earliest DSM to the latest?
- Can we exchange addiction? If so, how and why does it work? Can this help us lower the dangers associated with it? Can this be the most effective initial road to treatment?
- Are there any neural bases for developing addiction? If so, what are they?
- What are the mechanisms behind the neurobiology of addiction?
- Is it a form of psychopathology? Can it cause the development of other psychopathologies? Can it occur alongside other mental disorders?
- What are the different ways of treating addiction?
- What is the best treatment?